The History of Westward Expansion
The Importance of Lewis and Clark in the History of America's Westward Expansion Lewis and Clark Expedition - from Wikipedia
PBS: Lewis and Clark The Lewis and Clark Expedition
The Importance of the Louisiana Purchase in the History of America's Westward Expansion Fact Monster: The Louisiana Purchase
Jefferson Acts To Expand The Nation with the Largest Single Land Purchase in U.S. History Louisiana Purchase - from Wikipedia
The Importance of Pikes Peak in the History of America's Westward Expansion About Pikes Peak
Brief History and TImeline of Pikes Peak Pikes Peak - from Wikipedia

Biographies of People Important to the History of America's Westward Expansion
PBS: The American West History.com: Westward Expansion Videos
Mountain Men and the Western Fur Trade Mountain Men: Pathfinders of the West


Famous Western Trails Important to the History of Westward Expansion in America

Oregon-California Trail Association: A site that provides virtual trails, trail facts, and people and places about: the Oregon Trail, the California Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, the Applegate Trail and the Mormon Trail. The Oregon-California Trails Association (OCTA) seeks to preserve the stories and the legacy of the 19th century American migration.

History of the the Cumberland Gap Wikipedia: The Cumberland Gap
Tennessee History for Kids: The Cumberland Gap The Cumberland Gap - from Wikipedia
History of the Wilderness Road - Wikipedia History.com: The Wilderness Road - Facts and Video
Famous Western Trail Sites
History of the Applegate Trail History of the Mormon Trail
The Applegate Trail - from Wikipedia The Mormon Pioneer Trail History
The Applegate Trail History Historical Facts of the Mormon Trail
Oregon Historic Trails:The Applegate Trail Mormon Trail History Timeline
History of the California Trail History of the The Oregon Trail
California Trail - Rush to Gold The Oregon Trail
Wikipedia: The California Trail Oregon Trail History
History of the Cherokee Trail History of the Overland Trail
Cherokee Trail of Tears History The Overland Trail
National Geographic: Trail of Tears History The Overland Trail - from Wikipedia
History of the Chisholm Trail History of the Santa Fe Trail
Along the Chisholm Trail The Sante Fe Trail History
The Chisholm Trail - from Wikipedia Santa Fe Trail - from Wikipedia
Chisholm Trail Museum Santa Fe Trail Research
Facts about the 16 Oregon Historic Trails and Their Importance to Westward Expansion in America

The Importance of Wagon Trains and Wagon Train Parties to the Westward Expansion in America
History of the Wagon Train
How the Pioneers Traveled The Donner Party Diary
Wagon Train History The Donner Party Tragedy
The Wagon Train - from Wikipedia PBS: The Donner Party
Wagon Train History 1865-1890 History of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party
History of the Donner Party Wikipedia: Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party
The Donner Party Opening of the California Trail: Stephens-Murphy-Townsend
The Importance of Covered Wagons and Stagecoaches to the Westward Expansion in America
History of the Covered Wagon
Parts of a Wagon Train History.com: The Conestoga Wagon
The Covered Wagon: Facts Wikipedia: The Conestoga Wagon


History of the The Stagecoach The Stagecoach Driver
California State Parks: Stagecoach History (with photos) Wells Fargo: Stagecoach History
The Concord Stagecoach Gallery with Pictures The Six-Horse Hitch

Historic Forts of the Old West and Their Importance to the Westward Expansion in America Historic Forts of the Old West

What Was Pioneer Life Like?

A Day In The Life Of A Pioneer: Several page description

How Stuff Works: Pioneer Life: How the Donner Party Worked, Railroad Expansion, John Colter, Jacques Laramie, Why Do We Remember the Alamo? Kit Carson, Why was Davy Crockett King of the Wild Frontier? Northwest Boundary Dispute, Pierre Esprit Radisson, Old Railroads;Learn about the movement to expand the country in the pre-Revolutionary War years.

Household Objects Found in a Pioneer's Home: Description and pictures

Life as a Pioneer: Why Move West?: Informative articles

Life in a Log Cabin: Introduction, Building a Log Cabin, The Crowded Cabin, : Preparing Meals, Keeping House

Hardships of Pioneer Life in the American West

Pioneer Families: Pictures and facts about pioneers and their families

Pioneer Life: Descriptions and photos

Pioneer Life through Pictures: An EXCELLENT site from the Institute for Regional Studies, North Dakota State University Libraries

History of the Homestead Act and Its Importance to the Westward Expansion in America

PBS: The Homestead Act: The Strasburger Sisters

Library of Congress: The Homestead Act

The Homestead Act - from Wikipedia

The Importance of the Mexican War to the Westward Expansion in America Concise History of the U.S. Mexican War
History.com: The U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1848) Mexican-American War From Wikipedia

The Importance of the California Gold Rush to the Westward Expansion in America
California Gold Rush Remembered The Discovery of Gold in California by General John A. Sutter
California: Gold Country Kidport: The California Gold Rush
California Gold Rush - from Wikipedia Oakland Museum of California: Gold Rush Fever
PBS: American Experience: The Gold Rush

The Importance of Mining in the Old West Ghost Towns and Mining Camp History
Mining in the Old West Legends of American: Ghost Towns and Mining Camps
Biographies of Cowboys, Gunslingers, and Outlaws of the American West

Bad Hombres: Outlaws and Gunmen: Billy the Kid, Doc Holliday, Bill Doolin, Black Jack Christian, Black Jack Ketchum: Biographies

Frontier Legends: Outlaws & Lawmen of the Wild West: Short biographical information

Individual Famous Gunslinger Sites
Billy the Kid Biography Christopher "Kit" Carson Mountain Man, Indian Agent, Military Officer, Explorer
Billy the Kid - Famous Outlaw Davy Crockett Biography
Billy the Kid's Grave Davy Crockett (1786-1836)
Billy the Kid - from Wikipedia Wikipedia: Davy Crockett Biography
Buffalo Bill Biography Davy Crockett - from Wikipedia
Buffalo Bill Historical Museum Wyatt Earp Biography
Buffalo Bill - from Wikipedia Wyatt (Berry Stapp) Earp Biography
Daniel Boone Biography Wyatt Earp - Frontier Lawman
Adventures of Daniel Boone Doc Holliday Biography
Daniel Boone Homestead: History of Daniel Boone Doc Holliday: Biographical Information
Daniel Boone - from Wikipedia Doc Holliday - Deadly Doctor of the West
History of the Daniel Boone Wilderness Trail Doc Holliday - from Wikipedia
James Bowie Biography Jesse James Biography
James Bowie Jesse James - from Wikipedia
James Bowie - from Wikipedia PBS: Jessie James
Butch Cassidy Biography Sundance Kid Biography
Butch Cassidy - from Wikipedia Harry Longabaugh (Sundance Kid) Biography
History of Butch Cassidy, LeRoy Parker Harry Longabaugh (The Sundance Kid) - from Wikipedia
Kit Carson Biography Jack Omohundro Biography
PBS: Kit Carson (1809-1868) Texas Jack Omohundro
Kit Carson - from Wikipedia Texas Jack Omohundro Biography


Biographies of Individual Famous Cowgirl Sites
Calamity Jane Biography Women in History: Annie Oakley
Martha Jane "Calamity Jane" Cannary PBS: Annie Oakley
Martha Jane Cannary (Calamity Jane) Belle Starr Biography
Calamity Jane - Rowdy Woman of the West Wikipedia: American Outlaw Belle Starr
Annie Oakley Biography Wikipedia: Belle Starr Biography
Annie Oakley - from Wikipedia Bella Starr "The Bandit Queen"

Importance of The Pony Express during Westward Expansion in America San Francisco Museum: The Pony Express
Pony Express Home Station Pony Express History - from Wikipedia

Importance of Railroads of the Old West during Westward Expansion in America Kid Friendly: Railroad and Train History
Building the Central Pacific and Union Railroads Northern Pacific Railway History - from Wikipedia
Central Pacific Railroad - Photographic History Museum The Northern Pacific Railway Museum
Historical Overview of the Union Pacific Railroad Wikipedia: Transcontinental Railroad
Legends of America: Railroad Tales of the Old West History.com Union Pacific Railroad History: Facts/Video
Museum of San Francisco: Driving the Last Spike USHistory.org: Railroad History

Sites with information about the History of Westward Expansion in America

PBS: The Trails of Westward Expansion: Click on any state on the map, or select a trail or territory from the list below to learn about cities, towns, settlements, trails, scenes of conflict, routes of commerce and natural features profiled within Westward Expansion

US History: The Importance of the West and Westward Expansion

Westward Expansion (1807-1912): Important Terms, People, and Events

Westward Expansion (1807-1912) The Surge West: A summary

Westward Expansion (1807-1912): The Opening of the Far West: Brief historical description

Westward Expansion (1807-1912) Settling California, New Mexico, and Oregon: A Summary

Westward Expansion and Regional Differences: Building Unity, Extension of Slavery, Latin America and the Monroe Doctrine, Factionalism and Political Parties, Nullification Crisis, Battle of the Bank, Whigs, Democrats and "Know-Nothings", Stirrings of Reform, Women's Rights, Westward Seneca Falls



Interesting Facts about the Pioneers and Westward Expansion

Interesting Facts about the Pioneers and Westward Expansion

*The Purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803, and the purchase of Florida from
Spain in 1819 doubled the size of the The United States.

*In 1867, America purchased Alaska from Russia.

*Secretary of State William H. Seward agreed to purchase Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. Many referred to his purchase as "Seward's Folly"y.

*America's movement west had severe consequences for Native Americans. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi.

Famous Western Trails Trivia

*Lewis and Clark blazed the way for westward expansion, and led the first United States expedition (1804-1806) to the Pacific Coast while mapping the famous Lewis and Clark Trail.

*Brigham Young led 70,000 Mormons along the Mormon Trail from 1846 to 1869 to escape religious persecution.

*The Overland Trail (also known as the Overland Stage Line) was a stagecoach and wagon trail route in the American West during the 19th century.

*The California Trail was the main route to the Golden State of California. Over 250,000 gold-seekers and farmers followed that trail in hopes of finding riches and better land to farm.

*The Cherokee Trail, also known as the Trappers' Trail, was established in 1849 by a wagon train headed to the gold fields in California.

*The Sante Fe Trail was known as the "Highway to the Southwest".

*The Oregon Trail stretched for 2.00 miles, and was a wagon train route that connected towns on the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon and the towns in between.

*The Applegate Trail which originated in 1846 was the southern route of the Oregon Trail.

There were many less known westward trails. Some of those included: Apache Pass Trail, Bozeman Trail, Cooke's Wagon Road, El Camino del Diablo, Southern Emigrant Trail, The National Road.

Pioneer Life Trivia

*The pioneers faced many hardships as they moved westward, and sadly many died because of the difficulties they faced.

*The prairie fire, as described in a letter by prairie farmers, John and Sarah Kenyon, was one of the big problems that pioneers feared.

Life in a log cabin was not easy. Every family member was responsible for helping to maintain the household.

*Many pioneer children never attended school because they were needed at home as an extra farm hand. Early pioneer schools were just one room with several grades..

*Pioneers spent most of their time growing foods to be eaten, and tending to animals that could provide food.


American History Calendar

American History Calendar: A calendar site showing American history in a unique way: through a user-friendly web calendar. Birthdays of important people in American history and important events in American history can be viewed; interactive - browse through it and display details on a specific person or event. A printer friendly version of the calendar is also available.


American History Museum

Smithsonian National Museum of American History Search Engine: Discover history through objects, photographs, interactive timelines: Complete archived collections - excellent!


The History Channel

The History Channel: Each month the History Channel takes new explorations into the past and puts them on display for you, utilizing state-of-the-art interactive technology; listen to speeches drawn from the most famous broadcasts and recordings of the Twentieth Century. The History Channel Time Machine brings you to a different speech every day; trivia quiz; fact of the day; games.


U.S. History Images

U.S. History Images: What better way to learn about and appreciate the history of the United States than through viewing the illustrations of artists from the last century and a half! The images are all in the public domain and are free for anyone to use in any way after viewing the Terms of Use. This website is a work in progress and new images are always being added. Present topics for images include: Life in the Colonies, Colonial Patriots, Native Americans, Native American Culture, The Age of Exploration, and Explorers


Educational American History Powerpoints

Educational American History Videos

Reference Sites to Help in Your Research

American Memory Learning Page of the Library of Congress: Historical collections of photographs, documents, motion pictures, and sound recordings about American culture and history - SEARCHABLE by keyword

Biographies of Famous People Both Past and Present: - SEARCHABLE by keyword

The Biographic Dictionary: Covers more than 33,000 notable men and women who have shaped our world from ancient times to the present day- SEARCHABLE by keyword

Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Encyclopedia Smithsonian features answers to frequently asked questions about the Smithsonian and links to Smithsonian resources from A to Z

Information Please: On-Line Dictionary; Encyclopedia; Almanac, and MORE

Who2: Find famous people biographies fast! This site also lists links to more information about each person. - SEARCHABLE by keyword



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